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Ann Coloproctol > Volume 26(3); 2010 > Article
Journal of the Korean Society of Coloproctology 2010;26(3):225-232.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3393/jksc.2010.26.3.225   
The Effects of a Standardized Postoperative Enhanced Recovery Program after a Laparoscopic Colorectal Resection in Regard to Patients' Recovery and Clinical Outcomes.
Joh, Yong Geul , Lee, Jeong Eun , Yoo, Sang Hwa , Kim, Seung Han , Jeong, Geu Young , Chung, Choon Sik , Lee, Dong Gun
Department of Surgery, Hansol Hospital, Seoul, Korea. brosisjoh@yahoo.co.kr
Abstract
PURPOSE
A multidisciplinary program for early recovery after colorectal surgery has been developed continuously since 2000. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of the standardized postoperative enhanced recovery program (SPERP) after a colorectal resection.
METHODS
The patients undergoing laparoscopic colorectal resection for colorectal cancer were cared for by using the SPERP after surgery. The comparison group consisted of patients who had undergone similar surgery before establishment of the SPERP. The two groups were compared with respect to the patients' characteristics, operation methods, operation time, blood loss, amounts of intravenous fluid and intravenous antibiotics, complications, postoperative hospital stay, readmission rate, and reoperation rate.
RESULTS
The number of patients being treated with the standardized postoperative recovery program, the standardized group (SG), was 63, and that of the traditional group (TG) was 61. Even though the day of oral feeding (1.02 vs. 2.67 days) was faster in the SG, the day of flatus and defecation was not different between two groups. The postoperative hospital stay in the SG (6.76 days) was significantly shorter than that in the TG (10.43 days). The total amount of intravenous fluid after surgery in the SG was 8,574.75 mL, compared with 19,568.22 mL in the TG. The duration of intravenous antibiotics was 2.69 days in the SG and 7.38 days in the TG (P=0.0001). The rates of complication (27.0% in SG vs. 39.3% in TG), reoperation (3.17% vs. 9.84%), and readmission (7.94% vs. 6.56%) did not increase after implementation of this program.
CONCLUSION
The standardized postoperative recovery program reduced the amounts of postoperative intravenous fluid and antibiotics and the postoperative hospital stay without increasing either complications or the readmission rate. A prospective multi-center study of this program is needed.
Key Words: Colorectal resection; Enhanced recovery program


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