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Journal of the Korean Society of Coloproctology 2007;23(3):161-166.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3393/jksc.2007.23.3.161   
Learning Curve for Laparoscopic Colorectal Surgery: Hand Assisted Laparoscopic Surgery (HALS) versus Conventional Laparoscopic Surgery (CLS).
Yun, Hae Ran , Lee, Won Suk , Yun, Seong Hyeon , Lee, Woo Yong , Chun, Ho Kyung
Department of Surgery, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. seeskywau@freechal.com
Laparoscopic colorectal surgery is technically demanding and needs a longer learning curve than open surgery. HALS (hand-assisted laparoscopic surgery) is a useful alternative to conventional laparoscopic surgery (CLS) because of its palpability and hand dissection. We compared the learning curves between HALS and CLS for colorectal surgery.
A prospective study without randomization was conducted with the participation of two colorectal surgeons who had not experienced a laparoscopic colorectal operation. The collected data included operative features, oncologic outcomes, and early clinical outcomes. Fifty patients were enrolled in each group, the HALS group and the CLS group.
None of the operations converted to open surgery. The operative time was significantly shorter in the HALS group than in the CLS group (149.6+/-34.6 minutes versus 179.1+/-36.5 minutes, P<0.001). On a subgroup analysis of the operative time in the anterior resection, the operative time was consistent after the 13th operation in HALS group. However, in CLS group, there was a continuous fluctuation of the operative time until 25 cases. In regard to the oncologic outcome, the numbers of total harvested lymph nodes and the proximal and the distal margins in the anterior resection showed no statistical differences (P=0.400, P=0.908, and P=0.073, respectively). The early clinical results were similar in both groups.
In the learning curve study, the HALS group had a shorter operative time and reached a learning curve plateau earlier than the CLS group. Other parameters, such as the oncologic results and the early postoperative clinical outcomes, showed no differences between the two groups.
Key Words: Learning curve; Hand-assisted laparoscopic surgery (HALS); Conventional laparoscopic surgery (CLS)


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