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Ann Coloproctol > Volume 23(1); 2007 > Article
Journal of the Korean Society of Coloproctology 2007;23(1):1-9.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3393/jksc.2007.23.1.1   
Early Experience with a Stapled TransAnal Rectal Resection for Obstructed Defecation Syndrome.
Shin, Jong Keun , Kwak, Chang Shin , Park, Jung Soo , Choi, Sung Il , Lee, Jae Bum , Park, Hyun Joo , Lee, So Jin , Lee, Doo Han , Kim, Do Sun
1Department of Surgery, Daehang Hospital, Seoul, Korea. sin8845@freechal.com
2Department of Internal Medicine, Daehang Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
3Department of Radiology, Daehang Hospital, Daehang Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
This study was designed to assess the early outcome of a stapled transanal rectal resection (STARR) in obstructed defecation syndrome (ODS) patients with rectocele and rectal intussusception.
From January to December in 2005, 41 patients with the symptoms of obstructed defecation and the findings of rectocele and rectal intussusception in defecography, who failed in conservative management, were enrolled in this study. All patients underwent the STARR procedure. Preoperatively all patients received colonoscopy, a colon transit time test, cinedefecography, etc. The constipation score was evaluated by using the Cleveland Clinic Florida (CCF) constipation score preoperatively and at 1 month and 3 months after operation.
The mean age of the patients was 55.3 (19~76) years. There were three males and thirty-eight females. The mean operation time was 39.3 (25~80) minutes, and the mean hospital stay was 4.2 (4~6) days. Complications were fecal urgency in 9 cases (21.9%), which improved after 3 months, bleeding in 5 cases (12.2%), and anastomotic stenosis in 1 case (2.4%). At postoperative defecography, both intussusception and rectocele had disappeared in most patients. All constipation symptoms were significantly improved (P < 0.01). The mean CCF constipation score was 17.6 (11~24) preoperatively, and improved to 9.1 after 1 month and 8.2 after 3 months (P < 0.01). The overall patient satisfaction was graded as excellent, good, fairly good and poor in 19 cases (46.3%), 13 cases (31.7%), 4 cases (9.7%), and 5 cases (12.2%), respectively.
The STARR procedure seems to be a safe and effective procedure in ODS patients with rectocele and rectal intussusception. However, further study of the long-term results is required.
Key Words: Obstructed defecation syndrome (ODS); Stapled transanal rectal resection (STARR); Constipation score


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