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Journal of the Korean Society of Coloproctology 2002;18(3):152-155.
Current Trend of Inflammatory Bowel Disease.
Park, Won Kap , Kim, Hyun Shig , Park, Jong Beom , Song, Seok Kyu , Yoon, Seo Gue , Lee, Jung Kyun , Lee, Jung Dal , Kim, Kwang Yun
1Department of Surgery,Song Do Colorectal Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
2Department of Gastroenterology, Song Do Colorectal Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
3Department of Pathology, Song Do Colorectal Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
Abstract
PURPOSE
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has steadily increased, according to westernized life style, popular use of colonoscopy, and development of pathology and diagnostic radiology. However, there is no avaliable data about epidemiology of IBD in Korea. Even though our data is not a standard of IBD patients in Korea, it is possible to understand the trend of IBD.
METHODS
From Jan. 1995 to Dec. 2000, cases of ulcerative colitis (UC), Crohn's disease (CD), and indeterminate colitis (ID) were evaluated retrospectively. Annual incidence of IBD at our hospital was calculated with using new IBD patients/new out-patients. To compare the incidence of CD with that of intestinal tuberculosis (TB), intestinal TB cases from Jan. 1997 to Dec. 2000 were evaluated.
RESULTS
Total number of IBD patients was 651: UC (480, 73.7%), CD (149, 22.9%) and ID (22, 3.4%) in order of frequency. Male was more prevalent than female (1.2:1), especially in CD (2.5:1). However, there was no difference of sex in UC. Mean age was 37.9 ( 14.1) years old, ranging from 11 to 79. CD patients (25.1 9.4) were younger than UC (41.9 13.0). Incidence of IBD out of new out-patients increased annually:0.30% (53 cases) in 1995, 0.31% (67 cases) in 1996, 0.37% (99 cases) in 1997, 0.38% (100 cases) in 1998, 0.54% (158 cases) in 1999 and 0.58% (174 cases) in 2000. The most common types of UC and CD were proctitis (52.3%) and ileocolic type (59.7%), respectively. Incidence of CD was more prevalent than that of intestinal TB (2.5:1).
CONCLUSION
About 0.5% of new out-patients had IBD and the number of patients of IBD increased annually. CD patients were younger than those of UC and male was predominant. The number of patients with CD exceeded that of intestinal TB patients.


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