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Journal of the Korean Society of Coloproctology 2005;21(2):76-81.
The Effect of Hyaluronate Membrane on Prevention of Adhesion after Rectal Cancer Surgery: a Prospective Study.
Yu, Chang Sik , Kim, Hee Cheol , Park, In Ja , Lee, Kang Hong , Kim, Jin Cheon
Colorectal Clinic, Department of Surgery, University of Ulsan College of Medicine & Asan Medical Center, Korea. csyu@amc.seoul.kr
The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of using a Hyaluronate (HA) bioresorbable membrane (SeprafilmTM, Genzyme Corp., Cambridge, MA) to prevent adhesion after rectal cancer surgery.
We recruited 362 rectal cancer patients who underwent a curative resection between April 2001 and December 2002. We excluded patients with a previous operation history, a stoma procedure, a multivisceral resection, an extended lymphadenectomy, a total colectomy, or a pouch procedure. An adhesive ileus was defined as a symptomatic, radiological intestinal obstruction without evidence of recurrence.
We placed the HA membrane under the midline incision in 153 patients. There was no difference between the groups regarding demographic findings and clinicopathological findings, including locations of the tumors, surgery performed, AJCC stage, and adjuvant treatment. While only 1 (0.7%) patient of the HA group experienced an adhesive ileus, 13 (6.2%) cases of adhesion were identified in the control group (P=0.008). Every patient, except 1 in the control group, underwent conservative management.
A Hyaluronate membrane may be effective in preventing an adhesive ileus after rectal cancer surgery. However, a prospective, randomized, double-blind study is needed.
Key Words: Hyaluronate membrane; Adhesive ileus; Prevention; Rectal cancer surgery


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